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Ostatnia aktualizacja 2017-05-12

Koty syberyjskie

Głowa kota syberyjskiego powinna być proporcjonalna do reszty ciała, a szyja krótka i silna. Uszy powinny być średniej wielkości, szerokie u podstawy, lekko nachylone do przodu i z zaokrąglonymi końcami, pożądane są pędzelki i szczoteczki. Zewnętrzna linia ucha zaczyna się powyżej poziomu oczu, a odległość między uszami równa jest szerokości podstawy ucha, lub, co pożądane, większa. Górna cześć głowy między uszami powinna być płaska, a czoło niezbyt wypukłe. Szeroki i silny, ale nie wystający podbródek razem z niskimi kościami policzkowymi oraz dobrze rozwiniętymi poduszeczkami wybrysów powinien tworzyć płynną, kolistą linię. U syberyjczyków współczesnego typu widoczna jest tendencja do bardziej szerokiej mordki.

Nos nie powinien mieć załamań i być wszędzie równej szerokości. Dopuszczalne jest lekkie zwężanie się w kierunku lustra nosa. U syberyjczyków starego typu długość nosa jest 2 razy większa od szerokości, u współczesnego typu - około 1,5 razy.

Oczy syberyjczyków są owalne, szeroko i skośnie ustawione pod kątem ok. 35 stopni. Górna powieka może mieć ciut mniejszą krzywiznę, niż dolna. Odległość między wewnętrznymi kącikami oczu wynosi 1-1,5 długości oczu. Z zasady rozstaw oczu o kocurów jest większy niż u kotek. Dopuszczalny jest każdy kolor oczu.

Ogon jest szeroki i mocny u podstawy średniej długości (zawinięty wzdłuż boku powinien dochodzić do łopatki), stopniowo zwężający się ku końcowi i równomiernie puszysty. Jeżeli uchwycić go za koniec i unieść, sierść nie powinna samoistnie opadać.

Sierść syberyjczyki mają wspaniałą, znakomicie chroniącą od niepogody i będącą jedną z wyróżniających cech rasy. Pokrywa włosowa kotów składa się (w zależności od rasy) z włosów okrywowych, ościstych i puchowych, zwanych podszerstkiem. Na skórze zwierzęcia włosy tworzą kępki, składające się z najdłuższego i najgrubszego włosa okrywowego, 2-5 krótszych włosów ościstych oraz 6-15 najcieńszych i najmiększych włosów puchowych. Często w opisach syberyjczyków spotyka się pojęcie „podwójnego podszerstka”, pod którym przypuszczalnie należy rozumieć jednakową długość włosów ościstych i puchowych.

Włos okrywowy syberyjczyków jest twardy, błyszczący, nieprzemakalny, coraz dłuższy w kierunku od łopatek do zadu, spadający na boki i górną część ogona. Nie występuje na brzuchu, kryzie i portkach.  Podszerstek jest podwójny, gęsty i zwarty w porze zimowej, natomiast szczątkowy w porze letniej. Sierść syberyjczyka nigdy nie zbija się w kołtuny. Na kryzie, portkach i ogonie jest ona szczególnie długa i gęsta, jednak nie powinna być zbyt przerośnięta. Obecnie dopuszcza się dwie formy kryzy - albo okrągłą (równą na całym obwodzie), lub owalną (dłuższą po bokach i krótszą pod podbródkiem). Nie jest natomiast dopuszczalny kołnierz trójkątny, jak u kotów norweskich leśnych. Na pasie barkowym sierść jest trochę krótsza, co tworzy wyraźną granicę między masywną głową i wspaniale zbudowanym tułowiem. Wiele źródeł podaje, że jest to jedyny w swoim rodzaju puszysty kot, sierść którego nie jest alergenem, jednak najlepiej upewnić się o tym osobiście.

STANDARDY

Dalszy ciąg dostępny na razie tylko w wersji angielskiej

  • FIFe - Fédération Internationale Féline

GeneralSizemedium to large, females mostly smaller than males
HeadShapea little bit longer than broad, softly rounded, massive
Foreheadbroad, just slightly rounded
Cheekscheekbones well developed
Nosemedium length, broad, in profile shows a slight indentation, but without stop
Chinslightly slanting back, in profile creating a curve from the upper line of the nose
EarsShapemedium size, well open at the base, tips are rounded with well-developed hairs inside and tufts
Placementwith good width between, tilting slightly forward
EyesShapelarge, slightly oval shaped. A bit oblique, set widely apart
ColourAny colour is permitted. Regardless of coat colour. Clear eye colour is desirable.
BodyStructurewell boned and muscled, powerful neck, broad chest, body in proportion to create a rectangular appearance
Legs medium high, to form a rectangle with the body, strong
Pawslarge, round, well tufted between toes
Tailof medium length, thick, rounded tip. Covered on all sides by dense hair with no hairs trailing down
CoatStructuresemi-long, well developed, very dense, undercoat not lying flat, overcoat water repellent, slightly hard to touch; Summer coat is distinctly shorter than the winter coat. The winter coat shows a well-developed shirtfront, full frill and knickerbockers.
Colourall colour varieties are permitted, including all colour varieties with white; except pointed patterns and chocolate and lilac, cinnamon and fawn; any amount of white is allowed, i.e. a white blaze, white locket, white chest, white on the belly, white on the paws, etc.
FaultsGeneraltoo small or too finely built
Headlong and narrow, straight profile, too round head (Persian type)
Earstoo large or too high set
Eyesround eyes
Legstoo long or too thin
Tailtoo short tail
Coattoo fine or silky, lying flat, lack of coat (except in summer)

  • WCF - World Cat Federation

BodyMedium sized to large cat, well-muscled and heavily built. Neck short and substantial, legs also muscular and of medium length; feet big, compact, round and well tufted. Tail as long as to reach the shoulder blade, slightly tapering, furnished bushy.
HeadHead short and broad with low set wide cheek bones, rounded muzzle and chin, forehead slightly curved, gently rounded contours and slightly curved profile. Nose of even width from bridge to nose leather.
EarsMedium-large, wide at base with slightly rounded tips. Set wide apart and tilted slightly forward.
EyesLarge, slightly oval shaped with rounded lower line, set slightly oblique and wide apart. Eye colour to be uniform and harmonizing with coat colour. Any shade from yellow/gold to green is accepted. In whites and vans the eye colour may also be blue or odd-eyed. In pointed cats the eye colour is blue on principle, the deeper the blue the better.
CoatCoat is of medium length; very dense undercoat, soft and fine, covered by a coarser, more substantial top coat. The dense smoothly flowing top coat is waterproof and glossy, of coarse, crisp texture, completely covering the back, flanks and the upper side of the tail. Undersides of body and back side of hind legs have only undercoat. Particularly long hair on neck, chest, breeches.
Colour
Varieties
The pointed variety is named Neva Masquerade. Chocolate and cinnamon and the according diluted colours (lilac and fawn) are not accepted in any pattern combinations (solid, bi-colour, tri-colour, tabby), either in the Neva Masquerade or in the Siberian. Burmese pattern is also not accepted. Any other colour is accepted, the descriptions of colours are listed in the General Colour Guide. Any amount of white is allowed.

  • TICA - The International Cat Association

General DescriptionThe Siberian is a medium-large cat with the overall appearance of excellent physical condition, strength and power, modified by a sweet facial expression. The general impression of the body is one of circles and roundness. Siberians are slow to mature, taking as long as 5 years to reach full maturity. Females are considerably smaller than males, and allowances should be made when comparing females and young cats to the standard. Size is secondary to type.
AllowancesBecause the Siberian is a slow maturing breed, coat and physical structure should be taken into consideration when judging kittens and young adults. Buttons, spots, and lockets.
HeadShapeModyfied wedge of medium/large size with rounded contours, in good proportion to the body. The head is broader at the top of the skull and narrows slightly to a full-rounded muzzle. The cheekbones are neither high set nor prominent.
EarsMedium-large, rounded, and tilt slightly forward. The ears should be set as much on the sides of the head as on top. Ideal position is one to one-ear width apart. The hair over the back of the ear is short and thin. From the middle of the ear, the furnishings become longer and cover the base of the ear. Lynx tipping allowable.
EyesLarge, almost round, with the outer corner angled slightly towards the base of the ear. The  eyes should be set more than one eye’s width apart. There is no relationship between eye color and coat color/pattern.
ChinThe chin is well-rounded but not protruding, and is in line with the nose.
MuzzleThe muzzle is short in length, full and rounded. There is a slight muzzle curvature, but the transition between the side of the head and the muzzle is gentle and inconspicuous.
ProfileThe top of the head is almost flat, with a slight nose curvature of a gentle slope from the forehead to the nose and a slight convex curvature before the tip when viewed in profile.
NeckRounded, substantial and well-muscled.
BodyTorsoThe body is medium in length, and well-muscled with the back arched slightly higher than the shoulders, with a barrel-shaped, firm belly giving the sensation of solid weight (which appears with age).
LegsMedium in length. The hind legs are slightly longer than the front, and should have substantial boning.
FeetThe feet are big and rounded, with toe tufts desirable.
TailThe tail is medium in length, wide at the base, tapering slightly to a blunt tip. The tail should be somewhat shorter than the length of the body.
BoningSubstantial.
MusculatureSubstantial, powerful.
Coat/
Color/
Pattern
LenghtThis is a moderately long to longhaired cat with a triple coat. The hair on the shoulder blades and lower part of the chest being thick and slightly shorter. There should be an abundant ruff setting off the head. There is a tight undercoat (in mature cats), thicker in cold weather. Allow for warm weather coats. The hair may thicken to curls on the belly and britches, but a wavy coat is not characteristic.
TextureVaries coarse to soft, varying according to color.
PatternClear patterns are desirable, but secondary to type.
ColorAll traditional and pointed colors and combinations are accepted with or without white. White or off-white allowed on chin, breast and stomach of tabbies; white allowed in most areas. Strong colors are desirable, but secondary to type.
OtherBalanceWell-proportioned.
ConditionExcellent health in good overall condition.
TemperamentMust be unchallenging.
PenalizeStraight profile, narrow muzzle, long tail, delicate boning, non-muscular, long body, almondshaped eyes, very long legs.
Withhold
all Awards
Evidence of illness, poor health, emaciation, visible tail fault.

  • CFA - the Cat Fanciers' Association

Generalthe Siberian, Russia's native forest cat, first appeared in recorded history around the year 1000 and hails from the unforgiving climate of Siberia. This is a cat that nature designed to survive, with no extremes in type. The Siberian is a medium to medium large, strong triple coated cat with surprising heft for its size. The overall appearance should be one of strength, presence, and alertness, with a sweet facial expression. The breed is extremely slow to mature taking as long as 5 years. Females are generally smaller than males and allowances should be considered when comparing females and young cats to the standard. Size is secondary to type. The general impression is one of roundness and circles, rather than rectangles and triangles
HeadShapemodified wedge of medium/large size with rounded contours, in good proportion to the body. The head is broader at the top of the skull and narrows slightly to a full-rounded muzzle. The cheekbones are neither high set nor prominent. There should be a slight doming between the ears and an almost flat area on the forehead. Males will have well developed jowls and females will have a more moderate look.
Earsmedium-large, rounded, wide at the base and tilt slightly forward. The ears should be set as much on the sides of the head as on top. The hair over the back of the ear is short and thin. From the middle of the ear, the furnishings become longer and cover the base of the ear. Ear tipping is allowed.
Eyesmedium to large, almost round. The outer corner angled slightly towards the base of the ear. The eyes should be set more than one eye's width apart and should be open, alert, and expressive. There is no relationship between eye color and coat/color pattern except in the color points which have blue eyes.
Chinthe chin is well rounded but not protruding, and is in line with the nose.
Muzzlethe muzzle is moderately short in length, full and rounded. There is a slight muzzle curvature, but the transition between the side of the head and the muzzle is gentle and inconspicuous.
Profilethe top of the head is almost flat, with a slight nose curvature of a gentle slope from the forehead to the nose and a slight concave curvature before the tip when viewed in profile.
Neckrounded, sturdy, and well muscled.
BodyTorsothe body is medium in length, and well muscled with the back arched slightly higher than the shoulders, with a barrel-shaped, firm belly giving the sensation of solid weight.
Legsmedium in length. The legs should have substantial boning with the hind legs slightly longer than the front legs.
Feetthe feet are big and rounded, with toe tufts desirable.
Tailthe tail is medium in length, being somewhat shorter than the length of the body. It should be wide at the base, tapering slightly to a blunt tip without thickening or kinks, evenly and thickly furnished.
Boningsubstantial.
Musculaturesubstantial, powerful.
Coat/
Color/
Pattern
Lenghtthis is a moderately long to longhaired cat with a TRIPLE coat. The hair on the shoulder blades and lower part of the chest should be thick and slightly shorter. There should be an abundant full collar ruff setting off the head in adults. Allow for warm weather coats. The hair may thicken to curls on the belly and britches, but a wavy coat is not characteristic.
Texturevaries from coarse to soft, varying according to color. There is a tight undercoat (in mature cats), thicker in cold weather.
OtherTemperamentmust be unchallenging.
Allowancesbecause the Siberian is a slow maturing breed, coat and physical structure should be taken into consideration when judging kittens and young adults. Buttons, spots and lockets are allowed.
Penalizestraight profile, narrow or fox-like muzzle, long tail, delicate boning, non-muscular, long body, almond-shaped eyes, and very long legs or very short legs; an adult with a long body or without good body weight.
Disqualifykinked tail, incorrect number of toes, crossed eyes. Evidence of illness, poor health, emaciation.

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